Opiates, also known as opioids, are a class of central nervous system (CNS) depressants with strong pain relief qualities. Opiates are highly addictive in nature, with tolerance known to develop quickly and a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome experienced upon cessation of use. Opiate abuse treatment is often needed to break the bonds of opiate addiction, including medical detox and behavioral therapy programs.
Opiates include the illegal drug heroin and the prescription medications codeine, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, fentanyl, methadone and many others. Opiate dependence is noted by compulsive use patterns, tolerance, and the experience of physical withdrawal symptoms when drug use is stopped. Opiates are physically addictive drugs, with a distinct and severe physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome experienced upon cessation of use. Common withdrawal symptoms include sweating, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and involuntary body movements.
Opiate abuse treatment is often needed to enable drug discontinuation and support the recovery process. Opiate abuse treatment is administered for a range of substances, including the natural opium alkaloids morphine and codeine and the semi-synthetic compounds heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone and many others. A medical detox period is generally recommended for opioid cases, followed by psychotherapy and aftercare support.
Medications play an integral role in opiate abuse treatment. Methadone and buprenorphine are often prescribed during the detox phase of treatment, with opioid antagonists also administered in some situations. These drugs may also be prescribed on a long-term basis during opioid replacement therapy, with medication treatment used in combination with behavioral therapy and counseling.
While medical detox helps to enable the cessation of drug use, it does little to address the psychological precedents of drug addiction. Psychotherapy support programs are always advised after detox, with common treatment models including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, family therapy and many others. These programs can be applied during residential or outpatient rehab., with relapse prevention programs also initiated on an aftercare basis. If you or anyone you know is living with an opiate problem, it’s important to find professional help as soon as possible.